What is Geotechnical Engineering

Geotechnical engineering refers to the use of engineering principles and scientific methods to understand the earth’s composition, which will help make an informed decision in relation to solving engendering problems as well as in the design of engineering works. In engineering, it’s essential to learn how to predict the behavior of the earth for the sustainability of human existence and in planning development.

Some of the applications of the geotechnics include predicting and mitigating the damage that may be caused by natural hazards such as mudslides, volcanic eruptions, and landslides as well as in the deigning of dams, bridges, roads among others.

Geotechnical Engineering Projects

geotechnical engineering projects are complex to execute, and it takes time and expertise to actualize a project of this kind, and this is why geotechnical engineers, scholars, and other industry players organize conferences to keep up with the industry trends. The following is a summary of a typical geotechnical project.

Review Of Projects Needs

The first step of a geotechnical engineering project is to review the needs to get an understanding of the material needs. Since most of these projects are high-value projects, the engineer needs to make a list of all the materials that are required in terms of quality and quantity.

Site Investigation

The next step is to move to the site where investigations will be made on the type of soil, fault distribution, and the bedrock on or below the area of interest. Site investigations are essential in that they help understand risks to human settlement, property, or environmental hazards such as earthquakes, landslides, or rockfalls.

Design Of Foundations

The geotechnical engineer will them proceed to design the type of foundation required and earthworks that are required for the kind of structure to be constructed, such as a bridge, high rise buildings, large and small commercial buildings, among others.